[CODATA-international] Open Science at ITU

Hans Pfeiffenberger hp at hans-pfeiffenberger.de
Wed May 13 11:23:54 EDT 2020

Hi Paul,

as I "attended" EGU2020, three observations which might be of relevance:

a) As to transparency: This presentation 
on "satellite datasets for automated agricultural land discrimination 
in Afghanistan" by an author from a UK university shows that, on a 
probably increasing number of issues, deliberate in-transparency is 
not going to work any longer.

b) As to cloud-based access to data, there is a continuing (and 
disturbing?) trend towards dominance of a very few cloud providers: 
Significantly, NOAA seems to copy all of their data to the Microsoft-, 
Amazon- and Google-Clouds, expecting third parties to access them 
there: https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-12386
And authors have yet another pyramid, which incorporates this approach.

c) All kinds of application of machine learning abound. Most of these 
can certainly not be trained on a desktop, and on institutional 
infrastructures only if those are quite rich. (And then, there is of 
course a scarcity of experts to apply these methods properly). This 
clearly evokes questions about equitable access ...

best regards,


P.S.: I read ("diagonally", as I must admit) the attachment to your 
message below, but could not find how to access the AIS data, and 
whether that access is open (cost-free).
With commercial providers, such as https://www.vesselfinder.com, 
access to "historic data" is quite costly.

Am 06.05.20 um 23:46 schrieb Berkman, Paul A:
> Hi Geoffrey,
> Two stimulating messages…
> In a significant manner, a globally open science cloud already 
> exists, as discovered with geospatial analyses involving Google 
> BigQuery and space-time cube innovations.  As an example, rapid 
> processing at nominal costs in the cloud are being delivered with 
> big data from the oldest and longest continuous satellite Automatic 
> Identification System (AIS) record of maritime ship traffic north of 
> the Arctic Circle (please see attached).
> I look forward to your next message 😊and hope all is going well. 
>   Stay healthy!!!
> With best regards,
> Paul
> *Prof. Paul Arthur Berkman*
> Founding Director, Science Diplomacy Center
> Professor of Practice in Science Diplomacy
> Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
> Tufts University
> 160 Packard Avenue, Medford MA 02155
> Office: +1-617-627-6959
> Cell: +1-617-902-8361
> Email:paul.berkman at tufts.edu <mailto:paul.berkman at tufts.edu>
> http://sites.tufts.edu/sciencediplomacy/ 
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__sites.tufts.edu_sciencediplomacy_&d=DwMGaQ&c=c6MrceVCY5m5A_KAUkrdoA&r=-W0tYttYY2ls6FBzaQ0jgJPAJ_UDNvL6lzYvZV2flVs&m=46vGdcaSbcBSii0f6dt1E0uGahHxHfgSB-xoWuu2xgk&s=t1MDYA0VrK-CZ4UsCTRrqtmJhc8ZIHhi7Z3P81URsis&e=>
> www.scidiplo.org <http://www.scidiplo.org/>
> www.panarcticoptions.org 
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.panarcticoptions.org_&d=DwMGaQ&c=c6MrceVCY5m5A_KAUkrdoA&r=-W0tYttYY2ls6FBzaQ0jgJPAJ_UDNvL6lzYvZV2flVs&m=46vGdcaSbcBSii0f6dt1E0uGahHxHfgSB-xoWuu2xgk&s=eKe1UiYUnHInUHgwjhOx76qqOGDBMW_MBP_XTcroakw&e=>
> Science Diplomacy: Antarctica, Science and the Governance of 
> International Spaces//(2011),//available from the Smithsonian 
> Institution//(https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/16154 
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__repository.si.edu_handle_10088_16154&d=DwMGaQ&c=c6MrceVCY5m5A_KAUkrdoA&r=-W0tYttYY2ls6FBzaQ0jgJPAJ_UDNvL6lzYvZV2flVs&m=46vGdcaSbcBSii0f6dt1E0uGahHxHfgSB-xoWuu2xgk&s=1t_bNYHOMf2kGVxYcj60ClpnwrL6hU0fGCcFgssdg-E&e=>) 
> as the first book on Science Diplomacy, evolving into the Springer 
> book series on Informed Decisionmaking for Sustainability (2020) 
> with Volume 1. Governing Arctic Seas: Regional Lessons from the 
> Bering Strait and Barents Sea 
> (https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030256739).
> *From:*CODATA-international 
> [mailto:codata-international-bounces at lists.codata.org] *On Behalf Of 
> *BOULTON Geoffrey
> *Sent:* Wednesday, May 6, 2020 7:24 AM
> *To:* h sherief <hussein.sherief at gmail.com>
> *Cc:* BOULTON Geoffrey <Geoff.Boulton at ed.ac.uk>; 
> codata-international at lists.codata.org
> *Subject:* Re: [CODATA-international] Open Science at ITU
> Dear Hussein Sherief
> The International Science Council’s report to UNESCO will include a 
> recommendation on the potential for a Global Open Science Commons, 
> to which a globally open science cloud could be of considerable 
> support. It would also be of great interest to emerging regional 
> open science platforms, including the African Open Science Platform. 
> I will come back to you with ideas of potential linkage between ITU 
> and these initiatives.
> Many thanks for making contact.
> All good wishes
> Geoffrey Boulton
> Geoffrey Boulton OBE FRS FRSE
> Regius Professor of Geology Emeritus
> University of Edinburgh
> Grant Institute
> Kings Buildings
> Edinburgh EWH9 3JW, UK
> Mob: 44 (0)7590978510
> Website: www.geos.ed.ac.uk/homes/gboulton 
> <http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/homes/gboulton>
>     On 6 May 2020, at 11:55, h sherief <hussein.sherief at gmail.com
>     <mailto:hussein.sherief at gmail.com>> wrote:
>     Dear Geoffrey Boulton,
>     I noticed that UNITAR’s contribution to Open Science was being
>     considered for the report to UNESCO . At ITU, we have submitted
>     documents requesting that Global Open Science Cloud (GOSC) be
>     considered as a new tool for SDG’s Disaster Risk.  If the ITU-D
>     Study Group adapts GOSC at its coming October meeting in Geneva,
>     then GOSC will be available as a new Globally Open Science Cloud
>     tool for its member states. From there,  a global framework and
>     guidelines will be worked out by the study group leading to ISO
>     standards.
>     Here are the link to the submitted documents:
>     Utilizing telecommunications/ICTs for disaster risk reduction
>     and management
>     Submission to ITU-D Study Group 2
>     https://www.itu.int/net4/ITU-D/CDS/contributions/sg_v2/cnt_rpt_stg_cont_details.asp?mtg=10758&lg=1&prd=2018
>     https://www.itu.int/net4/ITU-D/CDS/contributions/sg_v2/cnt_stg_annex_view.asp?aid=55236
>     I do not know if this information is of any use with respect to
>     the report  to UNESCO, if you think it is , you can further
>     contact ITU-D Study Group 2.
>     Thanks
>     Hussein Sherief
>     Director
>     AASCTC
>     Khartoum
>     Sudan
> The University of Edinburgh is a charitable body, registered in 
> Scotland, with registration number SC005336.
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Hans Pfeiffenberger
Consultant, scientific data infrastructures & policies

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